प्रेजेंट इन्डेफिनेट (Present Indefinite) कब यूज़ करते हैं ?

प्रेजेंट इन्डेफिनेट (Present Indefinite) क्या होता है ?

जो भी काम आप रोज़ करते हैं वो आपके रोज़ के रूटीन में जुड़ जाता है | जैसे अगरआप स्टूडेंट हो तो हर रोज़ आपको स्कूल जाने क लिए सुबह एक समय पर उठना होता होगा फिर फ्रेश हो कर तैयार होते होंगे फिर ब्रेकफास्ट कर के आप अपनी स्कूल बस का इंतज़ार करते होंगे फिर जब आपकी स्कूल बस आपको स्कूल होगी फिर वहाँ सारे क्लास अटेंड कर के आप फिर से उस बस में बैठ कर घर को आते होंगे | फिर घर पैर खाना खाते होंगे और थोड़ा आराम कर के टूशन या सेल्फ स्टडी करते होंगे फिर शाम को खेलने जाते होंगे और फिर डिनर के सो जाते होंगे | और फिर से अगले दिन यही काम करते होंगे | तो यही काम आप बार बार रोज़ करते हैं | इसको किसी से बोलने या बताने के लिए आपको प्रेजेंट इन्डेफिनेट का इस्तेमाल करना होता है|

स्ट्रक्चर प्रेजेंट इन्डेफिनेट (structure of Present Indefinite) का

सिंगलुअर के केस में –

examples of Present Indefinite(singular subject)

He works.

वह काम करता है। 


She works

वह काम करती है। 


It rains.

बारिश होती है। 


My brother works in a hotel.

मेरा भाई एक होटल में  काम करता है। 


Shalu lives in Mumbai.

शालू मुंबई में रहती है|


It rains a lot in July.

जुलाई में बारिश बहुत होती है। 


The restaurant opens at 11 o’clock and closes at 9:30 pm.

रेस्ट्रॉन्ट ११ बजे खुलता है और ९.३० बजे बंद हो जाता है। 


The exam starts at 7:00 and finishes at 9:30 .

एग्जाम ७ बजे शुरू होता है और ९.३० तक ख़त्म  है। 


It costs me a lot to buy a luxurious car.

मेरे बहुत पैसे लग जाएंगे एक आराम दायक कार लेने में। 

plural के केस में –

examples of Present Indefinite(plural subject)

I work in a shop

मैं  एक दुकान में  काम करता हूँ | 


In India the banks usually open at 10.30 in the morning.

इंडिया में बैंक्स ज़्यादातर  सुबह १०:३० बजे खुलती हैं |  


we do a lot of creative work in our free time.

हम बहुत सारा क्रिएटिव वर्क खली समय में करते हैं |


I read novels.

मैं नोवेल्स पढ़ती हूँ | 


They watch T.V while eating.

वह टीवी देखते हुए खाते हैं | 


My parents live in New Jersey.

मेरे माता पिता नई जर्सी में रहते हैं |


You live with jenny.

तुम जेनी के साथ रहते हो। 

प्रेजेंट इन्डेफिनेट (Present Indefinite) कब यूज़ करते हैं ?

प्रेजेंट इन्डेफिनेट (Present Indefinite) क्या होता है ?

जो भी काम आप रोज़ करते हैं वो आपके रोज़ के रूटीन में जुड़ जाता है | जैसे अगरआप स्टूडेंट हो तो हर रोज़ आपको स्कूल जाने क लिए सुबह एक समय पर उठना होता होगा फिर फ्रेश हो कर तैयार होते होंगे फिर ब्रेकफास्ट कर के आप अपनी स्कूल बस का इंतज़ार करते होंगे फिर जब आपकी स्कूल बस आपको स्कूल होगी फिर वहाँ सारे क्लास अटेंड कर के आप फिर से उस बस में बैठ कर घर को आते होंगे | फिर घर पैर खाना खाते होंगे और थोड़ा आराम कर के टूशन या सेल्फ स्टडी करते होंगे फिर शाम को खेलने जाते होंगे और फिर डिनर के सो जाते होंगे | और फिर से अगले दिन यही काम करते होंगे | तो यही काम आप बार बार रोज़ करते हैं | इसको किसी से बोलने या बताने के लिए आपको प्रेजेंट इन्डेफिनेट का इस्तेमाल करना होता है|

स्ट्रक्चर प्रेजेंट इन्डेफिनेट (structure of Present Indefinite) का

सिंगलुअर के केस में –

examples of Present Indefinite(singular subject)

He works.

वह काम करता है। 
She works

वह काम करती है। 
It rains.

बारिश होती है। 
My brother works in a hotel.

मेरा भाई एक होटल में  काम करता है। 
Shalu lives in Mumbai.

शालू मुंबई में रहती है|

It rains a lot in July.

जुलाई में बारिश बहुत होती है। 
The restaurant opens at 11 o’clock and closes at 9:30 pm.

रेस्ट्रॉन्ट ११ बजे खुलता है और ९.३० बजे बंद हो जाता है। 
The exam starts at 7:00 and finishes at 9:30 .
It costs me a lot to buy a luxurious car.

plural के केस में –

examples of Present Indefinite(plural subject)

  • I work in a shop
  • मैं  एक दुकान में  काम करता हूँ | 
  • In India the banks usually open at 10.30 in the morning.
  • इंडिया में बैंक्स ज़्यादातर  सुबह १०:३० बजे खुलती हैं |  
  • we do a lot of creative work in our free time.
  • हम बहुत सारा क्रिएटिव वर्क खली समय में करते हैं |
  • I read novels.
  • मैं नोवेल्स पढ़ती हूँ | 
  • They watch T.V while eating.
  • वह टीवी देखते हुए खाते हैं | 
  • My parents live in New Jersey.
  • मेरे माता पिता नई जर्सी में रहते हैं |
  • You live with jenny.
  • तुम जेनी के साथ रहते हो। 

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detailed photo gear

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my survival bag

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where i ate

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full story in images

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The magic of hiking

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buddies recommending me

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Margaret Hersh
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Bradley Morris

layout_weight and weight sum in android

layout_width and layout_height are the properties used in all the views as well as view groups . The purpose of these properties is to provide length and height to the view as well as the container that is view group. Lets understand it more clearly by the help of an image.

Android layout_wit and layout_height

layout_width 

 The area of view from left to right shows layout_width or the horizontal part of a view or view group is the layout_width.In other words, we can also say that the length of the view is the layout_width. It’s up to us what width we want to assign to a layout.

we can assign value to the layout_width Attribute in many ways:

1.wrap_content

2.match_parent

3.any size for example : 45dp

Android layout_width
Image 1

In the above image 1, the blue color rectangle is depicting a view group and the rectangle with orange color inside view group is a view. And the horizontal part of that view is showing layout_width.Let us consider one by one all the values of layout_width attribute.

layout_width with value

wrap_content

The value of an attribute,layout_width=”wrap_content” means that the width of the view or the view group will be just as much as the size of the content. As the word itself says, wrap the content no more extra space than that of the content.

Android wrap_content

Lets see how layout_width="wrap_content" looks in Real device with an example:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:orientation="horizontal" >
<TextView
android:id="@+id/tv"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="I am Wrap content"
android:textColor="#fff"
android:layout_marginRight="5dp"
android:textSize="45dp"
android:background="#455"/>

</LinearLayout>

match_parent

The value of an attribute,layout_width=”match_parent” means that the width of the view or the view group will be just as much as the size of the parent.

Here parent size means that the size of the container or view group. As the word itself says, match_parent which means the width will be as much as the width of parent that is view group.

Android match_parent

For Example

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:orientation="horizontal" >
<TextView
android:id="@+id/tv"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="I am Match parent"
android:textColor="#fff"
android:layout_marginRight="5dp"
android:textSize="45dp"
android:background="#455"/>

</LinearLayout>

any size

The value of an attribute,layout_width=”20dp” means that the width of the view or the view group will be 20dp.

we can dynamically assign a value to any view or view group by providing it any size we want.

Android any_size

For Example

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:orientation="horizontal" >
<TextView
android:id="@+id/tv"
android:layout_width="150dp"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="any size"
android:textColor="#fff"
android:layout_marginRight="5dp"
android:textSize="45dp"
android:background="#455"/>

</LinearLayout>

layout_height in Android

layout_width and layout_height are the properties used in all the views as well as view groups . The purpose of these properties is to provide length and height to the view as well as the container that is view group. Lets understand it more clearly by the help of an image.

Android layout_wit and layout_height

layout_height

 The area of view from left to right shows layout_width or the horizontal part of a view or view group is the layout_width.In other words, we can also say that the length of the view is the layout_width. It’s up to us what width we want to assign to a layout.

we can assign value to the layout_width Attribute in many ways:

1.wrap_content

2.match_parent

3.any size for example : 45dp

Android layout_width
Image 1

In the above image 1, the blue color rectangle is depicting a view group and the rectangle with orange color inside view group is a view. And the horizontal part of that view is showing layout_width.Let us consider one by one all the values of layout_width attribute.

layout_height with value

wrap_content

The value of an attribute,layout_width=”wrap_content” means that the width of the view or the view group will be just as much as the size of the content. As the word itself says, wrap the content no more extra space than that of the content.

Android wrap_content

Lets see how layout_height="wrap_content" looks in Real device with an example:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:orientation="horizontal" >
<TextView
android:id="@+id/tv"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="I am Wrap content"
android:textColor="#fff"
android:layout_marginRight="5dp"
android:textSize="45dp"
android:background="#455"/>

</LinearLayout>

match_parent

The value of an attribute,layout_width=”match_parent” means that the width of the view or the view group will be just as much as the size of the parent.

Here parent size means that the size of the container or view group. As the word itself says, match_parent which means the width will be as much as the width of parent that is view group.

Android match_parent

For Example

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:orientation="horizontal" >
<TextView
android:id="@+id/tv"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="I am Match parent"
android:textColor="#fff"
android:layout_marginRight="5dp"
android:textSize="45dp"
android:background="#455"/>

</LinearLayout>

any size

The value of an attribute,layout_width=”20dp” means that the width of the view or the view group will be 20dp.

we can dynamically assign a value to any view or view group by providing it any size we want.

Android any_size

For Example

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:orientation="horizontal" >
<TextView
android:id="@+id/tv"
android:layout_width="150dp"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="any size"
android:textColor="#fff"
android:layout_marginRight="5dp"
android:textSize="45dp"
android:background="#455"/>

</LinearLayout>

layout_width in android

layout_width and layout_height are the properties used in all the views as well as view groups . The purpose of these properties is to provide length and height to the view as well as the container that is view group. Lets understand it more clearly by the help of an image.

Android layout_wit and layout_height

layout_width 

 The area of view from left to right shows layout_width or the horizontal part of a view or view group is the layout_width.In other words, we can also say that the length of the view is the layout_width. It’s up to us what width we want to assign to a layout.

we can assign value to the layout_width Attribute in many ways:

1.wrap_content

2.match_parent

3.any size for example : 45dp

Android layout_width
Image 1

In the above image 1, the blue color rectangle is depicting a view group and the rectangle with orange color inside view group is a view. And the horizontal part of that view is showing layout_width.Let us consider one by one all the values of layout_width attribute.

layout_width with value

wrap_content

The value of an attribute,layout_width=”wrap_content” means that the width of the view or the view group will be just as much as the size of the content. As the word itself says, wrap the content no more extra space than that of the content.

Android wrap_content

Lets see how layout_width="wrap_content" looks in Real device with an example:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:orientation="horizontal" >
<TextView
android:id="@+id/tv"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="I am Wrap content"
android:textColor="#fff"
android:layout_marginRight="5dp"
android:textSize="45dp"
android:background="#455"/>

</LinearLayout>

match_parent

The value of an attribute,layout_width=”match_parent” means that the width of the view or the view group will be just as much as the size of the parent.

Here parent size means that the size of the container or view group. As the word itself says, match_parent which means the width will be as much as the width of parent that is view group.

Android match_parent

For Example

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:orientation="horizontal" >
<TextView
android:id="@+id/tv"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="I am Match parent"
android:textColor="#fff"
android:layout_marginRight="5dp"
android:textSize="45dp"
android:background="#455"/>

</LinearLayout>

any size

The value of an attribute,layout_width=”20dp” means that the width of the view or the view group will be 20dp.

we can dynamically assign a value to any view or view group by providing it any size we want.

Android any_size

For Example

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:orientation="horizontal" >
<TextView
android:id="@+id/tv"
android:layout_width="150dp"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="any size"
android:textColor="#fff"
android:layout_marginRight="5dp"
android:textSize="45dp"
android:background="#455"/>

</LinearLayout>

How to use a Linear Layout in android?

LinearLayout is view group, which acts as a container for all the views so that all the views can be arranged in a direction either vertically (from top to bottom) or horizontally (from left to right) by the help of the attribute we call orientation

LinearLayout Android
Image 1

In the above image 1, the blue color rectangle is depicting a view group and all the rectangle with orange color inside view group are views which are placed horizontally in the same direction. Let’s Have one more Example to make it more clear to understand the concept.

In the above image, there is a box in which biscuits are kept so here the box acts as a container and the biscuits acts as views so the box is holding the food stuff likewise the LinearLayout holds the view.

Types of LinearLayout

There are two type of LinearLayout that are as follows:

1.Horizontal LinearLayout

2.Vertical LinearLayout

Attribute and Value of LinearLayout

Orientation

android:orientation=”vertical”


    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:orientation="vertical" >

android:orientation=”horizontal”

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:orientation="horizontal" >

1.Horizontal LinearLayout

In Horizontal LinearLayout, the views are arranged horizontally from left to right. The attribute and property used in case of Vertical LinearLayout is Orientation=”horizontal”

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:orientation="horizontal" >
<TextView
android:id="@+id/expandedListItem"
android:layout_width="100dp"
android:layout_height="100dp"
android:text="view"
android:textColor="#fff"
android:layout_marginRight="5dp"
android:textSize="45dp"
android:background="#455"
/>
<TextView
android:id="@+id/expandedListItem2"
android:layout_width="100dp"
android:layout_height="100dp"
android:text="view"
android:textColor="#fff"
android:layout_marginRight="5dp"
android:textSize="45dp"
android:background="#455"
/>
<TextView
android:id="@+id/expandedListItem3"
android:layout_width="100dp"
android:layout_height="100dp"
android:text="view"
android:textColor="#fff"
android:layout_marginRight="5dp"
android:textSize="45dp"

2.Vertical LinearLayout

In vertical LinearLayout, the views are arranged vertically from top to bottom. The attribute and property used in case of Vertical LinearLayout is Orientation=”vertical”

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:orientation="vertical" >
<TextView
android:id="@+id/expandedListItem"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="Hey I am A View(TextView)"
android:textSize="45dp"
android:background="#455"
android:textColor="#fff"
android:paddingLeft="?android:attr/expandableListPreferredChildPaddingLeft"
android:paddingTop="10dp"
android:paddingBottom="10dp" />
<TextView
android:id="@+id/expandedListItem1"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="Hey I am A View(TextView)"
android:layout_marginTop="16dp"
android:textSize="45dp"
android:background="#455"
android:textColor="#fff"
android:paddingLeft="?android:attr/expandableListPreferredChildPaddingLeft"
android:paddingTop="10dp"
android:paddingBottom="10dp" />
<TextView
android:id="@+id/expandedListItem2"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_marginTop="16dp"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="Hey I am A View(TextView)"
android:textSize="45dp"
android:background="#455"
android:textColor="#fff"
android:paddingLeft="?android:attr/expandableListPreferredChildPaddingLeft"
android:paddingTop="10dp"
android:paddingBottom="10dp" />
</LinearLayout>

Properties Of LinearLayout

There are several properties in LinearLayout, By the use of which, we can make our User Interface look more attractive than before by using it as per our requirement. Some of the Attributes used in LinearLayout are as follows: 

1)android: orientation

2)android:layout_width

3)android:layout_height

4)android:layout_weight
5)android:layout_gravity
6)android:gravity
7)android:background
 

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SiteGround provides superior WordPress hosting focused on speed, security and customer service. We take care of WordPress sites security with unique server-level customizations, WP auto-updates, and daily backups. We make them faster by regularly upgrading our hardware, offering free CDN with Railgun and developing our SuperCacher that speeds sites up to 100 times! And last but not least, we provide real WordPress help 24/7! Learn more about SiteGround WordPress hosting

WordPress tutorial and knowledgebase articles

WordPress is considered an easy to work with software. Yet, if you are a beginner you might need some help, or you might be looking for tweaks that do not come naturally even to more advanced users. SiteGround WordPress tutorial includes installation and theme change instructions, management of WordPress plugins, manual upgrade and backup creation, and more. If you are looking for a more rare setup or modification, you may visit SiteGround Knowledgebase.

Free WordPress themes

SiteGround experts not only develop various solutions for WordPress sites, but also create unique designs that you could download for free. SiteGround WordPress themes are easy to customize for the particular use of the webmaster.